Among all the assisted reproductive technologies (ART) available, In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most effective techniques. It requires high coordination among your doctor (reproductive endocrinologist), nurses and embryologist, accurate timing of fertility medication and careful ultrasound monitoring.
In vitro fertilization, once called “test tube baby” technique, means literally the fusion of the sperm and egg“in vitro” (in glass), outside the woman’s body. The eggs are retrieved from the ovary, fertilized with active sperm and cultured in a controlled environment for several days in the laboratory. Usually, one or more fertilized eggs that develop into embryos are transferred back to the uterus to continue to grow.
IVF is recommended for women affected by endometriosis, unexplained infertility, tubal blockage, and ovulation problems. It is also suggested if there is male factor infertility or if IUI is not successful.
IVF consists usually of the following different IVF phases:
- Pretreatment preparation
- Ovarian stimulation
- Egg retrieval
- Fertilization of eggs in laboratory
- Embryo transfer
- Luteal phase
- Pregnancy tests and follow up
The success rate of IVF can vary significantly and depends on the age, the type of medication and the presence of other fertility problems.
For more information on The Fertility Clinic protocols, please take a look at our “Protocols and Procedures” in the “Patient Information” section.