Acid reflux medications

These drugs can be used to limit the acidity of stomach contents or prevent them from refluxing up the esophagus.



Insulin in normally produced by the pancreas. It is essential to allow the body to use sugars for energy. Insulin is used to reduce blood sugar to a normal range if it is too high.

Critically ill patients may need insulin even though they are not diabetic.  The stress of critical illness, fever, and some medications can cause a rise in blood sugar.  The body works better when the blood sugar is kept in a normal range.

TPN Short for total parenteral nutrition. The nutrients the body needs are delivered directly into a central blood vessel in a form the body can use. TPN is used if nutritional needs are not being met by other methods.

IV fluids and electrolytes


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The balance of fluid, mineral salts (electrolytes), and blood acidity can be maintained or corrected with intravenous fluids and electrolytes.